Works of arts and science are protected by the copyright.
The exclusive right for an artistic, literary, or scientific work arises at the time of its creation, is valid throughout the author’s life and 70 years after his death. This applies to all member states of international copyright agreements (which make almost the whole world).
The objects of copyright include literary, dramatic, musical-dramatic, screenwriting, choreographic, musical, and audiovisual works, computer programs, paintings, sculptures, graphics, design, decorative and applied art, as well as scenographic art, architecture, urban planning, and garden and park art, photographic and other works.
However, the scope of the copyright is rather narrow. It covers only cases of direct copying of a product, copying of its original part, or copying with minor changes (the so-called “revision” of a work).
For this reason, whenever possible, it is recommended that copyright protection be supplemented with other protection methods. For example, works of design and architecture (small forms) can be patented as an industrial model, and if works of graphics and design are used to individualize goods and services, register as a trademark.
In addition, for such objects as computer programs and databases state registration may be obtained in the patent office.
Registration and deposition
Though protection of a work of arts does not require its compulsory registration, disputes regarding violation of rights often require proof of authorship and priority. In such a case, the procedure for providing evidence is registration and deposition of the creation.
An author submits a statement and 2 copies of the work in paper or electronic form. The copies are certified by marks of deposition. One copy is returned to the author together with a certificate of registration and deposition, the other one remains in storage at the depositing organization. The novelty of the work and the validity of the applicant’s rights are not checked.
If a dispute arises, the depositing organization, at the request of the court or the applicant’s appeal, confirms the fact and date of the deposit and provides a copy of the work stored in the organization for examination by the court.
Computer Programs and Databases
Copyrights for computer software and databases are protected in the same way as for literary works.
Not only the algorithm is protected, but also the audiovisual displays generated by the program.
Unlike other types of creative works, computer software and databases are prohibited for free reproduction, even for personal purposes, without the copyright holder consent and remuneration.
Application preparation and filing with further support through online correspondence with the Patent Office until the certificate is issued.
A patent office enters the computer software or database into the Register, issues a certificate of state registration to the applicant and publishes information about the registered computer program or database in the patent office official bulletin after the state fee is paid.
It is important to timely register all changes of the creation owner’s name and address.